Refugees & Asylum
Refugee status or asylum may be granted to foreign nationals who have been persecuted or fear they will be persecuted on account of race, religion, nationality, and/or membership in a particular social group or political opinion.
Allows a foreign national, who is otherwise inadmissible, to enter the United States for a temporary period of time due to a compelling emergency.
USCIS may grant parole temporarily:
Parolees must depart the United States before the expiration of their parole. Parole does not grant any immigration benefits.
VAWA - Battered spouse, children & parents
Violence against Women Act (VAWA) allows certain spouses, children and parents of abusive U.S. citizens and permanent residents to file a petition for themselves without the abuser's knowledge. This allows the battered spouse/parent/child to seek both safety and independence from the abuser. The provisions of VAWA apply equally to women and men. The abuser will not be notified that the foreign national has filed for immigration benefits under VAWA.
Temporary protected status
Temporary Protected Status (TPS) is a temporary immigration benefit that allows qualified individuals from designated countries (or parts of those countries) who are in the U.S. to stay in the U.S. for a limited time period. The Secretary of Homeland Security may designate a country for TPS due to certain conditions in that country, that temporarily prevent its nationals from returning safely to that country. A TPS country designation may be based on a natural disaster, armed conflict, or other extraordinary temporary conditions in the country.